2017: Movies



Death Note

Propulsive and unapologetic, Adam Wingard’s Americanized Death Note finds beauty and terror in teenagers gaining God-like status and still losing control. Light Turner’s use of the titular book (which allows him to kill anyone whose name is written into its pages) goes through phases, burning through personal vendettas before encouraged to enact bloody vengeance on larger-scale bad actors. Rather than follow the popular storytelling model of other Netflix originals, wafting along on retreaded plot beats, Wingard barrels forward, exploring its premise–and the sociopolitical response to same–through pure momentum, expecting audiences to keep up as its messy protagonists get drunk on power, then come crashing down.


King Arthur: Legend of the Sword

The movie that basically cemented the idea I’m never ever ever going to see eye to eye with the zeitgeist when it comes to movies. Guy Ritchie’s loving pisstake/British caper comedy version of modern fantasy epics takes the loose template of Zach Snyder’s DC movies (which, to be fair, means it’s overlong by at least 30 minutes), exploding it into a series of snappy, funny montages. The storytelling is timed to the blustery, bullshitting exchanges of friends and colleagues, pulling a fast one on a bunch of dimwitted fascists alongside a Hero’s Journey. Also: DEATH DEALER!



Iko Uwais seems to be modeling his career on Jackie Chan’s. Rama in The Raid films and Ishmael in Headshot are both fundamentally decent men thrust into insane circumstances which demolish their bodies. Ishmael’s arc even broadly recalls the plotline of Chan’s Who Am I?, though writer/co-director Timo Tjahjanto constructs a more personal threat for the amnesiac ex-assassin. Fights progress on psychoanalytic terms, going from impersonal grunts to fellow enforcers and hitmen from the same syndicate, onto an extended, brutal confrontation with the crime boss who kidnapped and tortured them into brainwashed killers. Damaged past aside, Ishmael’s firmly rooted identity allows him to endure body-shredding violence to destroy the source of his trauma.



Jumbled metaphors and frustrated angst are all over Julia Ducournau’s cannibal film. Justine, a vegetarian, enrolls in veterinarian school to get into the family business, only to eat meat as part of a hazing. This has the unfortunate effect of triggering a craving within her, spiraling her life out of control. Where other films might make this progression obviously linear, Raw instead spreads into all aspects of the freshman’s lifestyle. Every interaction Justine has in the film, from casual chats with classmates to the gaudy humiliation parties to lusting after her gay roommate, is filtered through the act of consumption. Other students are equally carnivorous, enacting their wills onto others for their own pleasure. Justine’s expression is a literal expression of her own conformity. To that end: her older sister, Alexia, serves equally as guide and tormentor, driving Justine to pursue her urges, then humiliating her for it.


Blade of the Immortal

100 movies in, Takashi Miike is at once settled into a groove and still pushing himself. Blade of the Immortal is bookended by two bloody, apocalyptic battles, swordsman Manji (Takuya Kimura) cutting through waves of mooks. The latter fight juggles four conflicting groups, enemies becoming tentative allies and going at each other’s throats again as the fighting ebbs and flows. Miike makes it look effortless, with blocking and editing expressing clarity and momentum, condensing Hiroaki Samura’s epic manga into 141 minutes that breeze by.



Marketed first and foremost as austere docudrama, Kathryn Bigelow’s Detroit instead hews uncomfortably close to the grimy verisimilitude of Tobe Hooper’s The Texas Chain Saw Massacre. Generations of social movements giving backdrop to the ever-tightening focus of the Algiers Motel murders, pushing through to zero in on one man’s escape from trauma into community. Consequently, as the stakes get more personal and human, the threat becomes more abstract.  While Detroit‘s obvious villains are the trio of white, racist cops, using the pretense of law & order to brutalize black men (and a pair of white women, for being around black men), the literal army which passively looks on with mild disgust, along with John Boyega’s self-preserving security guard, are harbingers of the social structures which will permit this and countless other atrocities.


John Wick: Chapter Two

John Wick 1 is about a man who, when robbed of healthy outlets for his grief, falls back into what’s clearly an addiction. Keanu Reeves’ (ex) retired hitman can’t stop feeding his anger and need for adrenaline rushes. He chose to leave so he could marry and settle down, but the craving was still there. John Wick 2 deals with the man back in the life he left, the toll it takes on his mind and body. Wick is put through a gauntlet after being strong-armed by an old acquaintance to pull off one more hit. The assault comes from all sides, in varying shapes, sizes, and motivations, battering and bloodying the anti-hero. The film does what sequels do, taking a singular idea and exploding in a million new directions. Its lead, however, strips down even further to something elemental, until he’s going through a blood-stained hall of mirrors, asked to contemplate his soul. The world Wick is in complicates itself, inventing rules and masking its inherent savagery in the language of upper-class sophisticates (guns are talked about like they are wine, for instance). He’s able to navigate it, but getting out has made him less tolerant. All he wants is to ventilate the craniums of everyone who won’t leave him and his dog be, even if doing so burns down what remains of his life.


Get Out

Equal parts jokey inversion of horror tropes and utterly devastating, Get Out stresses all-consuming danger. Daniel Kaluuya’s Chris doesn’t have conversations so much as get subjected to them. His white girlfriend’s parents, brother, and various friends stage well-meaning liberalism while demeaning him through invasive words and touch, before using hypnotism to subvert his very identity. Jordan Peele’s directorial debut moves on micro-aggressions against Chris and dismissals of his lived experience, the Armitage household becoming a monument to an entire system designed to exploit the African-American body.

Also Liked: Dunkirk, Rough Night, Logan Lucky, Catfight, Free Fire, Baby Driver, The Void, Good Time, The Villainess, Brawl in Cell Block 99, Colossal, Atomic Blonde


2017: Games


Friday the 13th: The Game

While lacking the claustrophobia and vice-grip tension of Dead by Daylight (whose console port also dropped this year), Gun Media’s Friday the 13th: The Game makes the best use of its asymmetric concept. Counselors are easily digestible archetypes, complete with tailored stats; capable enough to allow for a hard-won survival, but squishy enough to make (the far more likely) grisly death not only feel like an earned outcome, but even a little enjoyable. The various permutations of Jason, however, are where the game finds its fun: brutish, indestructible, capable of rending bodies apart, forever urged by Mommy to kill. You prowl, biding time until your abilities power up, then strike down fleeing counselors when they tire themselves out. The graphics might be shoddy, the maps limited and kinda plain, but it captures both the goofy sadism and the rinky dink, knockoff quality Friday the 13th has cultivated since 1980.


Persona 5

Atlus’ most mainstream Shin Megami Tensei yet, but also its most grim. Where the PS2 cycle represented in Persona 3 and 4 tempered their angst and psychosexuality with clear-cut morality, Persona 5 presents a world having gone insane. Administrators overlook student-diddling psychopaths and the cops and prosecutors are in the pocket of elitist cabals jockeying for power. To the teenage anti-heroes, the entirely human evil takes on cosmic horror dimensions suited to the series’ aesthetic. This formula twist pervades the game, with dungeons built around infiltration and heist film theatrics juggling multiple realities. To further your picaresque activities, you build up a healthy social life of fellow outcasts, each confronting their own inner demons, to get the tools and skills needed to set about your impossible task.



Resident Evil 7: Biohazard

Both a reset and complete overhaul, RE7 (particularly its opening hours) sings. Initial impressions of Capcom coat-tailing P.T., Amnesia, and other, trendy first-person horror games fall away when the game hits you with themed locks, deathtrap puzzles, and claustrophobic encounters with shambling monstrosities. Soon enough, you’re backtracking across a dilapidated mansion to test out new equipment and keys. Players are invited to re-examine the survival horror genre’s (and specifically, the Resident Evil franchise’s) core tenets through an HD prism, fixated on sweaty flesh and toxic mold. Simultaneously, they are put through enough subversions of every gaming impulse and shorthand solution built up across console generations, making every step forward nerve-wracking.

Also Liked: Yakuza 0XCOM 2: War of the ChosenCosmic Star HeroineDead by Daylight, Marvel vs. Capcom: Infinite


It’s my birthday, and I decided to do something a little different, so I put together a list of formative movies from my misspent childhood. Not all of these are even good, but they’ve all impacted me one way or another (.gif sources listed where I could find them):
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1. Mr. Mom (1983, dir. Stan Dragoti): apparently watched this a ton when I was little. Would even crash carts into others at the grocery store and say “I have right of way”–I was a little shit. Superficially, it’s a movie about realigned masculinity (Michael Keaton learning to parent, etc.), the decline of the Big Three and the American industrial sector/organized labor, Reaganomics and all that. John Hughes, who wrote the script, doesn’t seem to particularly care about any of that, though, beyond as a vehicle for delivering jokes, most of which is forgettable. Keaton is what really makes this worth watching. The rest of the cast is ‘eh’–Terri Garr and Christopher Lloyd are wasted, everybody else is static –but Keaton is perfect. Right in that range of having a comedic bite to a guy who, objectively, is being a shitty person, and is charismatic enough to make him likeable enough you want him to become better…so when he does you actually give a shit. Oh, and he punches Martin Mull, and who HASN’T wanted to do that?
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2. Godzilla vs. The Sea Monster (or Ebirah, Horror of the Deep if you want the original title) (1966, dir. Jun Fukuda): My gateway into Godzilla specifically, Toho monster movies and Japanese cinema generally. Also a King Kong script, repurposed when Toho lost the license (Godzilla, for instance, is infatuated with the lone woman in the group). Jun Fukuda also isn’t half the director of Ishiro Honda: sets and costumes are noticeably cheaper, and original monsters (a giant lobster and condor) are boring. He does, however, hone in on a childish sense of adventure (spies! thieves on the lam! teenagers at dance-offs!) and shocking levels of monster violence. So, in that regard, it was perfect for someone watching a movie in pre-K, when one of the other kids brought in a VHS.
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3. Cobra (1986, dir. George P. Cosmatos): Sylvester Stallone’s Beverly Hills Cop is full of ridiculous, future shock snarling and violence, coupled with weird little character bits (cutting pizza with scissors and the matchstick). Everybody in it is delirious and sweaty and so very 80s. What’s not to love about this movie?
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4. Adventures in Babysitting (1987, dir. Chris Columbus): Probably the first “one crazy night” movie I remember watching, a genre I’ve only become more fond of. Even the bad ones have an economy of storytelling to them which makes it hard to absolutely hate them, because you aren’t forced to either leave or sit through 3 hours of it (superhero movies, I’m looking at you). And Adventures is the good kind of one crazy night: a fun cast of archetypes given a simple goal, complicated by increasingly insane obstacles. What starts as a simple jaunt into the city to pick up a friend becomes a life or death chase from mobsters, climaxing with a small child clinging for dear life on the side of a glass and steel skyscraper. Also manages to, on the side, make a really great blues musical number.
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5. Blade (1998, dir. Stephen Norrington): Speaking of superhero movies, I can space my viewing of Blade out by years, and still recite it almost line for line. Can’t even remember any of the Marvel movies minutes after seeing them, which should say everything. Before anyone chimes in with “nostalgia goggles” or whatever bullshit, I’m going to say this: most great movies are built around a single, strong idea. Blade does this so well, and most other entries in this genre are so bad at it, that it almost boggles the mind it did it before the genre went big, did it well, and yet no one bothered to replicate it. That that single idea–of a nigh-unstoppable, impossibly cool, angry, nihilistic half-vampire commando’s unceasing quest to purge the world of bloodsuckers–invariably centers around star Wesley Snipes might be the answer why. Snipes’ physique and face (perpetually behind those badass shades) dominate the screen. His voice commands attention. He’s buffered by capable character actors and a no-bullshit script from David Goyer, but it’s unquestionably his show. This is a movie with a star and it lets you know it–Avengers has Robert Downey Jr., but the sarcastic wit he brought has been exaggerated, then sublimated into Whedon dialogue and so much franchise noise (and who else do they have? Chris Evans? Fuck off). Blade gives you this solid image, every mannerism and one-liner etched in marble. In a genre built on perpetual, ephemeral hype, it gives you something eternal.
6. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1990, dir. Steve Barron): There’s a lot I could say about this movie, but most importantly it doesn’t talk down to its audience. It juggles some goofy, cartoon hijinks and family friendly moralizing, but is also a movie about disaffected youth, the effects of violence on bodies, and about the very human need for healthy social attachments, but is surprisingly subtle about this. Like, the most ham-fisted this movie gets is when Splinter sagely intones about fatherhood or shouts at the Foot Clan kids about the Shredder exploiting them (and the movie earns that shit, so it doesn’t feel ham-fisted). Dialogue elsewhere is watching these characters bond and converse, either confronting or dancing around their conflicts (both external and internal), without anyone ever telling you exactly what they’re doing. Absolute favorite part remains the truck-start scene between Donatello and Casey Jones, which is just a gag-heavy version of literally any Michael Mann scene: it establishes the way those characters relate to each other and their playful antagonism, but it’s layered into a scene that is: a) the two of them fixing a beat-up old truck, b) having a fannish, “who would marry who” conversation about Gilligan’s Island, and c) playing a game where they insult each other alphabetical order.
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7. Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991, dir. James Cameron): Would watch this at a family friend’s house, sitting next to their dog while the adults played euchre or pinochle. It opens with Linda Hamilton narrating about the time-travel premise and the war against the machines, and then you see skulls getting crushed under a metal foot. Cameron just loads the movie with these arresting visuals, all while telling a story about a robot becoming the best dad possible in a world full of broken people. Even better: it’s a great showcase for Arnold Schwarzenegger, revisiting and reexamining his and Cameron’s iconic cyborg slasher as a portrait of emerging humanity. He sheds the sunglasses and motorcycle in tandem as he acquires expressions and slang from his charge, often repurposing in unintended ways like a dorky dad. Easily the best father/son movie of the 90s.
8. The Thing (1982, dir. John Carpenter): Best movie on this list, though it took me two viewings when I first encountered it to appreciate its genius. Quintessentially Carpenter in the way it depicts two kinds of collectives battling for supremacy: one a group of raggedy, burnt out men in over their heads on the edge of the world, a leader emerging in Kurt Russell’s indomitable, individualist MacReady; the other a walking, seething viral infection with a hive-mind mentality patterned after a rapist’s. That it’s also one of the great special effects movies, and a big-budget studio movie built entirely on a mounting, inescapable sense of dread is just icing on the cake.
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9. Robocop (1987, dir. Paul Verhoeven): Still can’t believe my parents let me watch this as a kid. Shockingly violent, even (more) today, and increasingly, frighteningly relevant. A biting satire, a rumination on the effects of mechanization on humanity, a religious metaphor, a science fiction film about Theseus’ paradox, a damn good action movie, Robocop is a movie that’s all of those things and none of them. Every time I sit down and watch it, every time I discuss it with anyone, I pick up something new. The one constant though, the thing which stuck with me, whether it was when I had the simple, childish, reptilian brain glee of watching Alex Murphy get back at the gangsters who executed him or now that I’ve been thinking about that movie for over 25 years: it’s Peter Wellers’ face, the contorted pain he exhibits in Murphy’s death. It is utter pain, in response to both the physical sensation of gunfire and the cruelty of Boddicker’s gang (acting, itself, as an extension of the corporate machine which infects its fictionalized Detroit). In a very real way, that movie instilled in me from an early age both a value for human life, and a respect for how easily it can be taken away.
Here’s to another year of being alive. Take care out there.

Justice League


Whatever your opinion on Zach Snyder’s previous two Superman installments, they were approached thoughtfully. Man of Steel charted a stranded god, finding his place on Earth and coming up wanting. Batman v. Superman: Dawn of Justice was mankind’s response to that god’s very existence. Both proposed humanity as selfish, inchoate, teetering on the edge of oblivion, and distracted by the infotainment of 24/7 cable news–and then tried to absorb its alien savior into that scheme (all the more clearly defined in the second film’s extended cut). This was matched by Snyder’s skewed, stylized violence: Superman (Henry Cavill) didn’t just float into the air, he sonic boomed. Similarly, Batman (Ben Affleck) lurked like Alien and terrified even those he rescued, while Wonder Woman (Gal Gadot) shrugged off building leveling blows with a smirk. Furthermore, these figures experienced the world through hallucinatory tableau, their internal head spaces seamlessly integrated with reality. Their very presence had gravity, warping the world around them.

The latest DC film, Justice League, takes shears to these operatic trappings. Snyder’s industrial/metal fantasia aesthetic is still there–but robbed of its timing and oomph. Dream sequences are absent. Concrete buckles and craters, but this never results in anything seismic. The film’s getting the band together plot–where Batman tries drafting Aquaman (Jason Mamoa), Cyborg (Ray Fisher), and the Flash (Ezra Miller) into a group to fight a coming alien invasion, following Superman’s death in the previous film–never examines any potential tangent, leaving a half dozen or so story and thematic ideas dangling (spinoff hooks, likely). The most intriguing of these is Batman’s guilt complex expanding to include Superman: he spent the entirety of the Batman v. Superman attempting to murder the Last Son of Krypton for misguided, reactionary reasons, only to watch his nemesis sacrifice himself for the greater good. Here, Affleck’s Batman drinks frequently and goads his fellow heroes into attacking him, even goes off on a suicide run against vampiric parademons. The notion he might be orchestrating the League not only to atone for his betrayal of Superman the martyr, but as a Rube Goldbergian attempt to end his life has the potential for a fascinating bit of comic book melodrama.

Like everything else, though, it goes unexplored. Dialogue is interjected to keep proceedings superficially chummy, likely input from co-director Joss Whedon (credited only with the screenplay). Conflict is frequently undercut or written out in the following clip. These characters don’t even interact with the world much: they show up to rescue the odd civilian, but if these mortals react at all it’s one-note gratitude, summarized in a closing monologue that aims for Hallmark sentiment. Their presence is treated as banal.

The result of this is a film which operates more like a TV pilot, and a cheap one at that. Actors are lit in ugly, orange tint, while rear-projection-esque green screen gets overused in action sequences to the point of tedium. Given this is the format popularized by Warner Bros.’s rival superhero factory Marvel, I’m curious to see how much of this is down to Snyder himself, studio notes demanding the production ape the competition, or Whedon, who helped shape Marvel with his two Avengers movies. Whatever the case, Justice League is a step back, the weirdness and danger of Snyder’s deities replaced with plushies and safety blankets.

Blade Runner: 2049


Humanity in Blade Runner 2049 has become sketchier. We’re told of famine and nuclear disaster, shown perpetual gray daylight and tiny, cubic domiciles. Who is a person and who is a replicant is distinguished only by which one is more overtly servile. The few confirmed people we see in 2049‘s narrative are either feeble or monstrous. They are a species teetering on the brink of collapse, while their physically perfect servants run the rat race. Ryan Gosling’s K is one such rat, a replicant blade runner tracking down and assassinating less obedient models. The snapshot of his life indicates a routine of consumer consumption and a kind of play-romance with his AI girlfriend Joi (Ana de Armas). The money he makes from his wage slave job as a robo-Pinkerton allows him to buy gadgets that give Joi more freedom, and encourage her to grow beyond the boundaries of her programming. She tags along on K’s latest case, involving a miracle replicant child, a plutocrat with a God complex (Jared Leto) and his lackey (Sylvia Hoeks), and crotchety Blade Runner protagonist Deckard (Harrison Ford) getting drunk in the ruins of Vegas. Along the way, she expands the boundaries of their relationship, leaving the safety of her domestic cage and synchronizing with a prostitute to bring physical intimacy to a relationship which was originally a one-sided transaction.

These lengthy asides promise to turn an otherwise sleepy noir (and unnecessary sequel) into a fascinating expansion of its predecessor’s ideas about sentience and personhood. Unfortunately, Denis Villeneuve doesn’t seem as interested in these ideas as Ridley Scott in his Alien prequels (or even Tron: Legacy, another 30-plus year sequel to a movie that didn’t need one). Once K’s story finally intersects with Deckard, 2049 ceases any pretense of exploring machine consciousness, as the narrative becomes about Ford’s deadbeat dad reuniting with his symbolically important kid. To hammer home how little care is shown towards the story they have, Villeneuve and his writers fridge Joi, to set up a punchy climax that resolves just enough to leave room for a sequel or two.



It (or, as the end credits helpfully tell us, IT: Chapter One) begs the question of what we are looking for in horror films, let alone adaptations. Do we want something that strips down a story’s essence, using an emotional core to power a delirious, artistic interpretation? Or do we want an austere re-telling of the printed word, professionally managed? Andres Muschietti’s adaptation of Stephen King’s killer clown opus picks a third path: meandering approximation, coupled with nostalgic dog-whistling. Telling the childhood portion of the book, Muschietti fixates on barely pubescent boys and their hangups (a mullet-sporting bully with a switchblade invites comparisons to another King coming of age tale, Stand by Me). The group gossip and mock, joke about their dicks one moment and sheepishly ogle the lone girl the next, their attention divided between having enjoyable summer adventures and a child-snatching evil which has blanketed their town in a kind of dreadful ennui. While its primary form is a flamboyant clown (Bill Skarsgard), Pennywise is implicated as a catchall for America’s various sins (the racism and genocide of colonialism, particularly), with a side order of the vicious gossip of small town living. He also takes great interest in terrifying Sophia Lillis’ abused, yet assertive Beverly; if only because she shows the least fear of him, having already experienced what pain (physical and emotional) men are willing to inflict on her.

Such broad scope in a horror film begs for praise, yet It: Chapter One never earns its marks. The film is surprisingly weightless for the gravity of horror it aims for, jumping between the staid slow burn of Western J-horror remakes or cartoon hysterics and flying Dutch angles straight from the Sam Raimi playbook. Yet, Muschietti doesn’t have the tense pacing for the former, nor Riami’s comedic timing for the latter. Instead, he accumulates and rearranges scenes, incidents, and motivations from the source, burns screentime on a bathroom-cleaning montage set to the Cure, and insists on roping in last minute subplots that go nowhere and accomplish nothing. (The bully, for instance, becomes Pennywise’s minion in the final act to chase the kids into his lair…despite them already setting out to rescue one of their own.) Adding insult to boredom is Pennywise himself, a seemingly all-powerful demon who repeatedly fumbles easy kills. The film’s favorite attempt at terror is to lure one of the child actors away with an obvious trap. The lead’s younger brother and a member of the bully’s clique suffer gruesome fates, but the main ensemble (all seven of them) manage to slip away despite falling for the same trick multiple times. Such inept, listless plotting (and slavish devotion to the source) reveals a lack of vision. A more daring filmmaker would have narrowed focus, excising bits and bobs of scenery that work better in the page than on the screen. Maybe even brought a sense of escalation to Pennywise’s actions by offing one or two of the mains (or at least done something other than jump scares). Instead, we’re given a two-hour shrug that invites us back for more in a couple years.



JobWillins put up a preview screening of his Prometheus/Alien: Covenant fan-edit over the weekend, cutting two fascinating duds into something closer to a passable Ridley Scott film. Paradise (taken from Prometheus‘ original title) tells its constituent films in tandem, mixing in deleted scenes and promo shorts, altering music cues, eliminating redundant moments and trimming (if not, entirely excising) each plotline’s most idiot ball scenes. No biologist attempting to snuggle up to a penis-headed cobra or Billy Crudup looking into a leather egg because a crazed robot told him to here! More importantly, the edit lends a sweep and scope merely assumed in Scott’s films. The narrative uses the conversation between synthetic David (Michael Fassbender) and his creator Weyland (Guy Pearce) from Covenant as chapter breaks, connecting that initial spark of devious, calculated intellect to the resentment, fascination, and desire to create which would follow.



Despite marketing and the tagline “It’s Time We Knew,” Kathryn Bigelow’s Detroit doesn’t even remotely aim for the austere, respectable docudrama expected of it. A prologue sequence animating Jacob Lawrence’s Migration series, spliced news footage, and a couple re-enactments of key moments in the early goings of the Motor City’s ’67 riots establish a backdrop of violence inflicted upon a people. Before long, the focus narrows on the Algiers Motel murders, where three black men were killed while motel guests were tortured and humiliated during a police raid (in search of an alleged sniper). It’s here where the film’s drama revolves, tracking the collision of the cops and National Guard with the victims and a security guard named Dismukes (John Boyega). It becomes the story of the riots in micro: black men venting their frustration at an unjust system, only to incur the disproportionate wrath of a society that already views them as subhuman.

Initially, the violence is played as usual bad cop tactics: rough up suspects, force confessions, extreme measures, the same old drill, Bigelow framing scenes with an eye for contrast (particularly black skin against brightly-lit backdrops). Will Poulter’s slithery lead officer Krauss delights in the control he exerts over the (black) men and (white) women, content to order abuses when not shooting fleeing suspects in the back. Men then start getting dragged into rooms for faked executions. The very real threat of death is imminent: one would-be corpse is shoved into the floor, a Smith & Wesson 10 pressed into the floor beside his skull (the lighting, paired with dark skin and brown decor in the background, almost makes the weapon look white). Though the cops treat this as a game, the film never wavers from the vantage point of the motel guests. Closeups are uncomfortably intimate: bloody, bruised, tear-stained faces, pressed against faded wallpaper, blown up to fill the screen. Their terror is all that matters. When a miscommunication causes the cops’ game to become real, the horror escalates as the cops amp up their brutality to cover their tracks. In that regard, Bigelow and Hurt Locker/Zero Dark Thirty collaborator Mark Boal have effectively used the docudrama trappings to recreate the raw verisimilitude of Tobe Hooper’s The Texas Chain Saw Massacre.

The film’s real horror, though, is silent, monolithic. Time after time, Detroit presents us with indecisive onlookers. Guardsmen and state police verbalize their disgust at the proceedings, but refuse to intervene because it would be an inconvenience. A homicide detective “recommends” charges against Krauss for an earlier shooting, but lets the man back out on the streets. Dismukes cozies up to the white authority figures for survival. Stepping into the motel and witnessing the brutality, he watches, passive. In a token gesture at aid, he takes one man aside to instruct him to comply. Ultimately, he chooses self-preservation. The real-life investigation into the murders suggested the actual person may have taken part in the abuse itself; the character, and Boyega’s performance (a mostly silent figure, eyes darting for an out), is vastly more sympathetic, but his inaction is all the more damning.



mv5bmzuyntq3ndg0nv5bml5banbnxkftztgwnzcyndy4mji-_v1_sy1000_cr0013711000_al_German soldiers are conspicuously absent in Dunkirk. There’s a character in one of the three entwining, parable-like narratives who might or might not be German (playing a double-entendre with the title of the beach segments: “The Mole”), but full-uniform Nazis barely exist in physical form. Instead, Christopher Nolan treats their presence as an abstract: the roar of gunfire ripping through hulls and bodies; leaflets falling on the titular French city; the horrific, deafening whine of approaching Luftwaffe, bombing and gunning down shivering, panic-stricken Tommies. They aren’t an army, but an all-consuming specter, a chilling reminder from the past threatening to push people into the sea. Tellingly, one character intones to another, shell-shocked one, “There won’t be a home if we allow a slaughter across the channel.”

To that end, Nolan not only centers the retreating British, but hones in on their psychological state. The three stories–a private waiting rescue on the beach, a mariner who volunteers with his son and a hired hand to aid the evacuation, and one of the Spitfire pilots (Tom Hardy) sent to protect the ships and soldiers–are told in concurrent non-linearity. Action is not relayed spatially or tactically, but emotionally. Montage is used often to portray characters experiencing the same traumas of war (drowning in a sunken ship is a recurring one) simultaneously at different points in time. While Nolan and editor Lee Smith treat this as an effective tension-builder, particularly when paired with the booming sound design and Hans Zimmer’s Shepard tone score, the way characters and situations align also taps into the collective mindset of people fleeing violence and nationalism in search of a home.

Baby Driver


Edgar Wright seems to have conceived Baby Driver as an exercise in editing and choreography. The film, a musical comedy about a doughy getaway driver named Baby (Ansel Elgort) trying to get out of the game, is cut with crackerjack timing. Gunshots, car crashes, even the sound of footsteps in a chase are set to the beat of a soundtrack heavily flavored with classic rock, golden oldies, and soul. Baby himself reflects this motif: suffering from tinnitus and vaguely traumatized by memories of his dead mother, he obsessive-compulsively collects music and ipods and makes mixes based on diegetic sound. This OCD extends to his approach on the job, rewinding his playlist or even tuning the radio to get an exact needle drop before burning rubber. Smartly, Wright constructs his action around Baby. The odd establishing shot or bird’s eye cutaway aside, his actions are always shown from the passenger seat or passing by some brief, stationary point–the frenetic, Michael Bay school of editing used to make us witnesses to something bizarre and amazing.

Unfortunately, Baby is little more than a vehicle for Wright’s technical skill and fanboy expulsions. Quirk aside, his traits and motivations are straight lifted from Walter Hill and Michael Mann: a singular-minded professional committed to some personal vision of his life (including a subplot where Baby courts a sing-song-voiced waitress, which carries shades of James Caan in Thief, seeking a wife to complete his American Dream). Unlike the characters Baby emulates, however, he is passive, loaded with motivations but no motor. The kind of gritty crime films Wright is harking back to were about weird loners driven to succeed, often at great personal cost. Dragged into one last job, Baby is given ample opportunity to upstage and subvert the colorful, aggressive personalities around him (Kevin Spacey, Jon Hamm, Sky Ferreira, and Jamie Foxx most memorably). Yet–even when flat-out presented with an option to walk away–Baby chooses to allow the plot to unfold, disappearing into so much background noise. He isn’t a character, but a prop–helpfully underlined by Elgort’s portrayal, leaning on an inconsistent Elvis drawl and inexpressive pucker-face. Action and motivation rarely align, based the need to ensure the film gets us to the next spin on another stock heist-movie situation. As loving mixtape to the kinds of films Wright loves, Baby Driver is excellent. As a film, it’s all hollow, incomplete notions from someone showing off how good they are without putting in the necessary work.